Fertility Desire in HIV/AIDS Research During 1992-2019: A Systematic Text Mining of Global Literature

Fertility Desire in HIV/AIDS Research During 1992-2019: A Systematic Text Mining of Global Literature

There has been a rise of fertility need amongst folks residing with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) due to the development of HIV therapy and prevention of mother-to-children transmission applications. However, the event of analysis specializing in this matter over the previous three a long time shouldn’t be effectively documented. We aimed to discover the development of world publications concerning fertility needs amongst PLWH and determine their contents by way of the pure language processing method. Dataset from 1992 to 2019 was downloaded utilizing the Web of Science Core Collection. Bibliometric indicators akin to change in whole publications, citations, and nations’ collaboration had been examined.

Main matters of chosen publications had been decided utilizing the latent Dirichlet allocation. There had been 303 articles revealed throughout the interval 1992-2019, with a speedy improve in the quantity of publications in the previous 5 years. Common themes included determinants of fertility need, HIV prevention for adolescents, and safer conception for {couples} affected with HIV. However, publications on HIV care and antenatal care for ladies with HIV had been nonetheless restricted. Findings prompt a name for the long run assist and collaborations for fertility intention, in addition to the promotion of HIV care and repair for adolescents and pregnant girls with HIV, particularly in nations with poor sources and a excessive burden of HIV/AIDS.

HIV and three dimensions of wiessdom: Association with cognitive perform and bodily and psychological well-being: For: Psychiatry Research

Wisdom is a novel human persona trait with cognitive, affective or compassionate, and reflective dimensions. We evaluated relationships of three particular dimensions of knowledge with cognitive perform and bodily and psychological well-being in folks with HIV (PWH) and HIV-negative (HIV-) members. Subjects included 138 adults (61 PWH, 77 HIV-) from the San Diego group. Validated measures had been used to evaluate knowledge and well-being. Cognitive perform was assessed by way of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment.

We performed multivariate linear regressions to guage the associations of knowledge dimensions with cognitive perform and bodily and psychological well-being. Compared to the HIV- group, PWH had decrease imply scores on cognitive perform, and bodily and psychological well-being, and cognitive and reflective dimensions of knowledge, however related scores on affective or compassionate knowledge. Among PWH, larger whole knowledge scores had been related to older age, decrease probability of substance dependence, higher psychological well-being, higher cognitive perform, larger resilience, social assist, and optimism scores, in addition to decrease ranges of perceived stress and nadir CD4 depend. Our findings of an affiliation of completely different dimensions of knowledge with bodily and/or psychological well-being in PWH would level to a chance that enhancing these dimensions of knowledge would possibly enhance well being outcomes in PWH.

 Fertility Desire in HIV/AIDS Research During 1992-2019: A Systematic Text Mining of Global Literature
Fertility Desire in HIV/AIDS Research During 1992-2019: A Systematic Text Mining of Global Literature

Formative analysis to tell the event of a peer-led HIV self-testing intervention to enhance HIV testing uptake and linkage to HIV care amongst adolescents, younger folks and grownup males in Kasensero fishing group, Rakai, Uganda: a qualitative examine

Background: Despite efforts to enhance HIV testing and linkage to HIV care amongst adolescents, younger folks and grownup males, uptake charges stay beneath world targets. We performed formative analysis to generate knowledge essential to tell the design of a peer-led HIV self-testing (HIVST) intervention supposed to enhance HIV testing uptake and linkage to HIV care in Kasensero fishing group in rural Uganda.

Methods: This qualitative examine was performed in three examine communities in Kasensero fishing group in Rakai district, Uganda, in May 2019. Six single-sex focus group discussions (FGDs) comprising 7-Eight members had been performed with adolescents and younger folks (15-24 years) and grownup males (25+ years). We collected knowledge on folks’s perceptions about peer-led HIVST; potential acceptability of a peer-led HIVST intervention and strategies on learn how to enhance linkage to HIV care after a optimistic HIVST outcome. Peer-led HIVST was outlined as an method the place educated lay folks distribute HIVST kits to different folks in the group. FGDs had been audio-recorded with permission from the members, transcribed verbatim and analysed manually following a thematic framework method.

Results: Forty-seven members (31 males and 16 girls) participated in the FGDs. Across communities and age-groups, most members talked about that peer-led HIVST can be usually acceptable to folks in the fishing group however folks will want assist in performing the check as a result of concern of performing the check wrongly or failing to deal with HIV-positive outcomes. Most members felt that peer-led HIVST would convey HIV testing companies nearer to the group “as a result of [the peer-leader] might be my fast neighbour”, making it simpler for folks to acquire the kits at any time of their comfort. To enhance linkage to HIV care, members felt that the use of peer-leaders to ship the preliminary ART dose to self-tested HIV-positive people can be extra preferable to the use of community-based ART teams or home-based ART initiation.

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Conclusion: Our examine exhibits that peer-led HIVST is doubtlessly acceptable in the fishing group. These findings counsel that this method can enhance uptake of HIV testing and linkage to HIV care companies amongst populations which are normally missed by way of standard HIV testing companies.